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Civil War History


Civil War and Gone with the Wind

Civil War PictureClayton County was the site of heavy fighting during the Civil War. After the battles of Rough and Ready and Jonesboro, the Confederate armies were forced to evacuate the area. General Sherman then began his "March to the Sea" in late 1864. Margaret Mitchell, author of "Gone With The Wind," placed Scarlett O'Hara's beloved Tara at a fictional location in Clayton County. Much of the action of her work is based on historical events which she found on record at the old Clayton County Courthouse in Jonesboro.

For many years, Clayton County was a quiet, agricultural area. In fact, 75 years lapsed before a dramatic change was to take place, reshaping and transforming the county into the thriving, progressive urban area we know today. Clayton County has become a culturally diverse community. Today, it is estimated that minority groups including African-American, Latinos, and Asian Americans make up for more than a third of the county's population. More than 40 different languages or dialects are spoken by children attending Clayton County Public Schools. Clayton County has emerged as a natural setting for commerce, industry, business and people due to its location and the availability of resources and transportation services.